Over the years strength and conditioning programs have evolved from a "one size fits all" philosophy for a more customized program that bases specific strength and conditioning exercises on the types of movements/actions an athlete performs due to her/his specific role on the field/court. For example, while most athletes on an American-style football team will perform similar exercises, there will be some strength & conditioning exercises designed specifically for linemen and others designed specifically for defensive backs. Thus, the linemen will perform some exercises relevant to them because of the skills necessary to play their position. Similarly, they will not perform the exercises designed specifically for defensive backs because the movements/skills required by defensive backs are unique only to them. Another example is track & field. An athlete specializing in the javelin will perform exercises designed to condition/strengthen the attributes needed specifically for the javelin. As such, she/he will perform exercises unique to her/his sport which, in turn, will differ from the training exercises performed by a sprinter. (Other exercises may be similar.)
All of the above brings me to one central question: Why, when training basketball teams do many strength & conditioning programs design a "universal" program that is utilized by each player on the team, regardless of position? Granted, many of the movements on the court are similar, regardless of position. But, there are some unique attributes/skills required by a point/shooting guard that are not required by a strong forward or center (and vice versus). Thus, why are basketball strength & conditioning programs not traditionally developed in a more customized manner?
I'm interested to hear the thoughts of others out there. I'm sure there are some highly customized programs as well. Any examples to share?