When you do a pulling movement, the tendons of the rotator cuff get a little space in the shoulder
joint, as the head of the humerus is pulled away from the glenoid fossa.
In overhead pressing movements the humeral head is pushed towards the socket. Knowing that you can
increase the joint space and get tendon relief by manipulating the hand
is beneficial when training.
Having a few shot puts of varying weight can be excellent weight lifting tools for those who have low levels of shoulder pain while still
actively playing sport.
Keeping the volume of your musculature up during a season is important. Pain inhibits function and promotes atrophy and if not
tended to, the shoulder will become worse.
If an athlete has a shoulder issue and is encouraged to continue training, work around the pain and strengthen all the structures of the
joint as possible. To keep overhead pressing you may take a shot put,
rest it in your hand and slowly begin a seated overhead press.
Do as many pressing reps as possible, as long as the pain does not become progressive. If you can't do this exercise see a trainer.